Heart Attack

A Heart Attack is a medical emergency. It happens when the there is a sudden blockage of oxygen-rich blood supply to the heart. Most of the heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease (CHD) in which waxy substance plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. It’s vital that you treat someone having a heart attack straight away, otherwise, they could die.

Look for the symptoms
Before you treat or provide first aid to the victim carefully look for the symptoms. Here are the symptoms:

  • Pain – a continuous pain in the chest, which could spread to the jaw, neck or arms
  • Rapid and weak pulse
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (with or without chest pain)
  • Sweating
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or extreme weakness

  • First Aid Steps

  • Help them move into a comfortable position. The best position is to make them sit on the floor with the head and shoulder supported with knees bent.
  • If possible and if they are not allergic give Aspirin tablet 300 mg and ask the victim to chew it slowly. Aspirin should not be given to someone under the age of 16.
  • Encourage them to rest and stay calm to avoid the unnecessary test.
  • Monitor their breathing, pulse, and the level of response.
  • If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call your local emergency number, and CPR will be performed by a trained professional.
  • Also, a heart attack victim should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible at least within one hour also known as the ‘golden hour’.
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